Digital India is a new initiative of the Government of India which aims to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. The goal that is being focused to achieve under this is Indian Talent (IT) + Information Technology (IT) = India of Tomorrow (IT).
India is known as a superpower of software. Yet the availability of electronic government services to citizens is still relatively low. The National e-Governance Plan approved in the year 2006 has made a steady progress through mission mode projects and core ICT infrastructure. Digital India Vision provides impetus and progress to this initiative and covers electronic services, products, equipment, manufacturing and employment opportunities. In the 21st century, India is making such efforts to fulfill the aspirations of its citizens, where the government and its services will be available at the doorstep of the citizens. Objective of Digital India program To transform India into a digitally empowered economy by harnessing the potential of T. The vision of Digital India is focused on veen key areas. These are – digital infrastructure as a utility for every citizen, operations and services on demand and digital empowerment of citizens.
The Digital India Project was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on July 1, 2015. This is an effective plan for the better development and growth of the people of the country and for the transformation of India. It aims to give India a digital extension for good governance and more jobs. To bridge the gap between government service and people, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi has made his best efforts towards the digitization campaign. There was a great need for digitization in India for more growth and better future than any other country.
Vision of Digital India
The vision of the Digital India program is focused on three key areas
1. Digital infrastructure as a convenience / utility to every citizen. Under this, high speed internet will be made available to all citizens as an important utility. The facility of collecting digital identity will be made available to all citizens. The digital identity shall be unique, lifelong, online and authenticable. Mobile phones and bank accounts will enable participation in the digital and financial sector at the individual level. All citizens will have easy access to a common service center in their locality. All citizens will be provided with easy access to shareable private space on the public cloud and features such as secure and secure cyberspace.
2. Governance and services based on demand Under this basic integrated services will be made available in all departments or jurisdictions. In addition, all services will be made available in real time through online and mobile platforms. The eligibility details of all citizens will be made available on the cloud with easy access. The services will be converted into digital form with a view to improve the ease of doing business. Financial transactions will be made electronic and cashless and Geo-spatial Information System (GIS) will be used for decision support system and development.
3. Digital Empowerment of the Citizen This includes universal digital literacy, universal access to digital resources, availability of digital resources/services in Indian languages, collaborative digital platform for participatory governance and providing citizens with physical self-government documents/certificates. There will be no need to submit the letter.
Major Nine Pillars of Digital India
(i) Broadband Highway Under this scheme, all the villages of India are to be connected to the Internet, for which fiber optics cable is being laid. In this, a target has been set that each gram panchayat will get 100 MB. P. s . To provide broadband connectivity at a speed of Rs. Through which every citizen will be familiar with government facilities due to internet in every village.
(ii) Mobile connectivity India’s goal is that every citizen should have a smartphone so that he can use internet facility and mobile banking.
(iii) Public Internet Access Program Under this scheme, all government departments will be connected to the Internet so that its access to the public can be increased. This means that there will be no need to go to the government office again and again for any government work, any kind of government information will be received from the internet only.
(iv) E-Governance Under this scheme, there is a need to further improve the restructuring of business process through information technology. In this, all types of database information will be given electronic form. Integration of information like Aadhaar facility, payment gateway, mobile EDI will be revolutionized.
(v) E-Kranti E-Kranti will provide broadband connectivity to all schools and colleges, they will be given free Wi-Fi facility. 5- All courses will be done online through education. Along with this, many facilities like e-healthcare facility, mobile banking, e-court, e-police, cyber security will be given to the citizens.
(vi) Information to all Under this scheme, the government will give all its information to every citizen through website and social media. Two-way communication facility will also be given to every citizen.
(vii) ELECTRONICS MANUFACTURING NET ZERO IMPORTS Under the target, all types of electronics equipment will be manufactured in the country.
(viii) Training will be given to the villagers according to the working of the companies by linking it with the IT for Jobs skill development program, which will help a lot in employment.
(ix) Early Harvest Program Under this, the government has made some rules to take forward the Digital India program, in which biometrics attendance facility in all departments, Wi-Fi facility in all universities, government e-mail facility, public Wi-Fi facility, etc. Facility of Fi hotspot etc. will be provided.
Methodology of Digital India Campaign
Under this methodology, the Ministries / Departments / States will fully take advantage of the ICT infrastructure established by the Government of India. The ongoing e-governance aspects should be revived and integrated with the principles of Digital India. Emerging technologies such as scope enhancement, process reengineering, integrated interoperable systems and cloud and mobile will be used to enhance the delivery of government services to citizens. States will be encouraged to identify and include specific projects relevant to their socio-economic needs. Simultaneously, e-governance will be encouraged through necessary initiatives to ensure citizen centricity, through which successes will be identified and made operational.
Public private partnership will be promoted under this system. Use of Unique ID will be encouraged to ensure the authenticity of identity and its benefits. IT to all government departments at the central and state level. In order to strengthen the NIC, the NIC will be restructured, by which the post of Chief Information Officer (CIO) will be created in at least 10 key ministries for faster creation and development of various e-governance projects. Necessary senior positions will be created within the department for the management of the Department of Electronic and Information Technology (DEITY) programme. The Central Ministries/Departments and State Governments will have the overall responsibility of implementation of various mission mode and other projects under this programme. Keeping in view the overall needs at the national level, it was considered appropriate that each agency involved in the Digital India program would have a well defined role and responsibility.
Benefits Of Digital India
Digital India Campaign is an effective online platform that will engage people in the governance system through various approaches such as discussion, action and distribution. This will ensure the achievement of various online goals by the government. Through this, it will be possible to implement digital locker system, which will result in enabling e-sharing through registered collection as well as reduce paperwork. In this campaign, citizens will be able to get their documents signed online through the e-signature structure. Important healthcare services will become easier through e-hospitals. It also aims at making available the benefits to the beneficiaries through the National Scholarship Portal by way of submission of applications, approval process, approval and disbursement.
Under this campaign, a fast-paced digital highway will connect about 2,50,000 gram panchayats in the country. The National Center for Flexible Electronics will help promote flexible electronics. All over the country B. s . N. L. It is planned to spread the Chi-Fi hotspot on a large scale. Digital India will improve the economic condition of the country. The country used to import many types of things and goods from outside states and countries, but now a lot of new start-ups will be opened from Digital India, due to which almost all the goods will be produced in our country itself. This will increase employment opportunities in the country and the economic condition of the country will also improve.
Challenges before Digital India
Digital India is an assurance scheme of the Government of India. Many companies have shown their interest in this scheme. E-commerce will help in facilitating the Digital India project. Still, there are many challenges and legal hurdles in implementing it, such as- Digital India cannot be successful in the country until the necessary BCB e-governance is not implemented. Incomplete implementation of the only National e-Governance Plan can also affect this plan. Apart from this, there are many such villages in the country, where electricity has not reached, due to which internet facility cannot be used there. In such a situation, the government has to first ensure the availability of electricity in all corners of the country. India has weak control in the field of privacy protection, data security, cyber law, telegraph, e-governance and – commerce etc. Many legal experts also believe that without cyber security, e-governance and Digital India is meaningless. Cyber security trends in India have exposed the shortcomings of Indian cyber space. In all these present circumstances it will be a difficult task for the Government of India to manage critical infrastructure security. There is also a lack of provision for proper e-waste management in this project.
Conclusion Of Digital India
The target is to implement the Digital India scheme by the year 2019. This scheme is one of the high priority projects of the Modi administration. This is a commendable project and fully supported by all the stakeholders. It also has many important shortcomings like legal framework, lack of privacy, lack of data protection rules, civil autonomy, lack of parliamentary oversight for Indian e-surveillance and Indian cyber security. All these shortcomings have to be removed before implementing Digital India. The more mechanization work under Digital India, the easier it will be to monitor the programs and the benefits of the schemes will reach the people. In this way the Digital India campaign will realize the dynamic form of New India.